"We develop new materials, physical phenomena, and fundamental understandings of material properties so that we can enable novel applications ranging from computing to sensing to energy conversion and beyond."
Lane W. Martin
Professor Lane W. Martin received his B. S. in Materials Science and Engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in Dec. 2003. From there he went on to receive his M. S. (May 2006) and Ph. D. (March 2008) in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Following his Ph. D., Lane served as Postdoctoral Fellow in the Quantum Materials Program, Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from March 2008 – July 2009. Lane joined the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign as an Assistant Professor in August 2009.
Overview: Our research focuses on the exploration of novel oxide materials – both thin film heterostructures and nanostructures – in pursuit of three major research thrusts: 1) Magneto-Electro-Thermal Effects in Materials, 2) (Multi-)Functional Materials and Devices, and 3) Oxides for Solar Energy Conversion. The foundation of the research is based on the controlled growth of oxide thin-film heterostructures and nanostructures via pulsed-laser deposition and molecular beam epitaxy. Aided by state-of-the-art in-situ characterization methods such as reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) we can achieve atomic-scale control of these oxide materials. We augment these growth capabilities with detailed characterization (structural and physical) – including extensive utilization of scanning probe- and synchrotron-based experiments – while leveraging strong collaborations both at UIUC and around the world to gain fundamental insight and understanding of these materials.
Magneto-Electro-Thermal Effects in Materials: This area of research aims to illuminate one of the most underdeveloped realms of solid state materials science – the physics and control of thermal effects in materials with ferroic order. This work focuses on the development of materials and know-how to enable pyroelectric energy conversion of waste heat to electrical energy, electrocaloric solid state cooling, thermally driven electron emission and much more. Our comprehensive approach includes aspects of materials design, synthesis, device fabrication, and advanced characterization development and utilization.
(Multi-)Functional Materials and Devices: Driven by recent advances in the production of high quality thin films of such complex oxide materials, great attention has been given to understand order, coupling, and possible applications of multiferroic materials that simultaneously possess multiple ferroic order parameters (i.e., ferroelectricity, ferromagnetism, and/or ferroelasticity). In this research thrust we are exploring single-phase and composite systems that have the potential for strong coupling between order parameters and the possibility for new functionalities that have implications for next generation of memory, sensing, and logic devices. As part of this we are explore the coupling of exotic electronic materials including carbon-based nanomaterials (i.e., graphene and CNTs), two-dimensional electron gases, and metal-insulator-transitino systems with functional complex oxides to enable new phenomena with potential for devices. Finally we are probing routes for self-assembly of photonic and metamaterials using non-equilibrium approaches to the synthesis of phase separating materials. We are exploring routes to include functional oxides that will potentially provide added tenability to these systems.
Oxides for Solar Energy Applications: Driven by the ever increasing need for alternative energy, our research group is working to answer the rising energy needs of the world by investigating a new set of materials – oxide materials – that are abundant, require little post-mining processing, and offer an exciting set of properties that make them interesting for further study in parallel with traditional semiconducting materials. As part of this work, we are studying the creation of oxide-based photovoltaic and photocatalytic devices. Key to this work is being able to the tune properties (i.e., band gap, carrier mobility, and absorptivity), probe in detail the electronic structure of these materials, and utilize novel functionality in materials to achieve advances in energy applications. Particular effort has been focuses on applying fundamental understanding of semiconductor physics in these materials to the design of photocatalytic systems. This work includes aspects of integrating functional complex oxides such as ferroelectrics which can drive enhanced light absorption and charge transport in these systems.esearch
Our most recent papers (since Jan. 1, 2012) – A full list is available on our group webpage
- S. R. Spurgeon, J. D. Sloppy, C. R. Winkler, M. Jablonski, D. Kepaptsoglou, P. Balachandran, S. Nejati, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, C. L. Johnson, H. Ambaye, R. Goyette, V. Lauter, Q. Ramasse, J. C. Idrobo, K. S. Lau, S. E. Lofland, J. Rondinelli, L. W. Martin, M. L. Taheri, Thickness-dependent crossover from charge- to strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 / PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 thin film heterostructures, ACS Nano 8, 894 (2014).
- R. Xu, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, L. W. Martin, Domain wall contributions to enhanced susceptibilities, Nature Commun. 5, 3120 (2014).
- R. V. K. Mangalam, J. C. Agar, A. R. Damodaran, J. Karthik, L. W. Martin, Improved pyroelectric figures of merit in compositionally graded PbZr1-xTixO3 thin films, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 13235 (2013).
- J. Rondinelli, N. A. Benedek, D. E. Freedman, A. Kavner, E. E. Rodriguez, E. S. Toberer, L. W. Martin, Accelerating functional materials discovery: insights from geological sciences, data-driven approaches, and computational advances, Amer. Ceram. Soc. Bulletin 92, 14 (2013)
- B. A. Apgar, S. Lee, L. Schroeder, L. W. Martin, Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity in all-oxide heterojunction devices based on correlated “metallic” oxides, Adv. Mater. 25, 6201 (2013).
- E. Breckenfeld, A. B. Shah, L. W. Martin, Strain evolution in non-stoichiometric heteroepitaxial thin-film perovskites, J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 8052 (2013).
- M. Huijben, P. Yu, L. W. Martin, H. J. A. Molegraaf, Y.-H. Chu, M. B. Holcomb, N. Balke, R. Ramesh, G. Rijnders, Ultrathin limit of exchange bias coupling at oxide multiferroic/ferromagnetic interfaces, Adv. Mater. 25, 4739 (2013).
- E. Breckenfeld, R. Wilson, D. G. Cahill, L. W. Martin, Growth, stoichiometry, and thermal and dielectric properties of LaAlO3 thin films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 082901 (2013).
- S. Lee, B. Apgar, L. W. Martin, Strong visible-light absorption and hot-carrier injection in TiO2/SrRuO3 heterostructures, Adv. Energy Mater. 3, 1084 (2013).
- P. C. Fletcher, V. K. R. Mangalam, L. W. Martin, W. P. King, Pyroelectric electron emission from nanometer-thick films of PbZrxTi1-xO3, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 193908 (2013).
- E. Breckenfeld, N. Bronn, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, S. Lee, N. Mason, L. W. Martin, Effect of growth induced (non)stoichiometry on the structure and interfacial conductivity of LaAlO3/SrTiO3, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 196804 (2013).
- C. Baeumer, S. P. Rogers, R. Xu, L. W. Martin, M. Shim, Tunable carrier type and density in graphene/PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 hybrid structures through ferroelectric switching, Nano Lett. 13, 1693 (2013).
- P. C. Fletcher, V. K. R. Mangalam, L. W. Martin, W. P. King, Field emission from nanometer-scale tips of crystalline PbZrxTi1-xO3, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31, 021805 (2013).
- R. V. K. Mangalam, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, J. C. Agar, L. W. Martin, Unexpected crystal and domain structure and properties in compositionally graded PbZr1-xTixO3 thin films, Adv. Mater. 25, 1761 (2013).
- J. Karthik, R. V. K. Mangalam, J. C. Agar, L. W. Martin, Large built-in electric fields due to flexoelectricity in compositionally graded ferroelectric thin films, Phys. Rev. B 87, 024111(2013).
- J. Karthik, J. C. Agar, A. R. Damodaran, L. W. Martin, Effect of 90º domain walls and thermal expansion mismatch on the pyroelectric properties of epitaxial PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 thin films, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257602 (2012).
- R. B. Wilson, B. A. Apgar, L. W. Martin, D. G. Cahill, Thermoreflectance of metal transducers for optical pump-probe studies of thermal properties, Optics Express 20, 28829 (2012).
- B. Bhatia, J. Karthik, T. Trong, D. G. Cahill, L. W. Martin, W. P. King, Pyroelectric current measurements on PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 epitaxial layers, J. Appl. Phys.112, 104106 (2012).
- L. W. Martin, D. G. Schlom, Advanced synthesis techniques and routes to new multiferroics [invited review], Current Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 16, 199-215 (2012).
- C. R. Winkler, A. R. Damodaran, J. Karthik, M. Jablonski, L. W. Martin, M. L. Taheri, Accessing intermediate ferroelectric switching regimes with time-resolved TEM, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 052013 (2012).
- C. R. Winkler, A. R. Damodaran, J. Karthik, L. W. Martin, M. L. Taheri, Direct observation of ferroelectric domain switching in varying electric field regimes using in situ TEM, Micron 43, 1121-1126 (2012).
- R. Jackson, P. C. Fletcher, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, J. N. Emmerich, H. Teng, W. P. King, L. W. Martin, Y. Wu, Electrical and thermal characterization of a ferroelectric thin film with an electro-thermal scanning probe, Rev. Sci. Instru. 83, 076105 (2012).
- P. Yu, W. Luo, J. X. Zhang, M. D. Rossell, C.-H. Yang, S. Y. Yang, Q. He, Q. M. Ramasse, R. Erni, L. W. Martin, Y. H. Chu, S. T. Pantelides, S. J. Pennycook, R. Ramesh, Interface control of bulk ferroelectric polarization, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 109, 9710 (2012).
- S. Polisetty, J. Zhou, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, D. Chen, A. Scholl, L. W. Martin, M. Holcomb, Linear dichroism dependence on ferroelectric polarization, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24, 245902 (2012).
- J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, L.W. Martin, Effect of 90° domain walls on the low-field permittivity of PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 thin films, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 167601 (2012).
- J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, L. W. Martin, Epitaxial ferroelectric heterostructures fabricated by selective area epitaxy of SrRuO3 using an MgO mask, Adv. Mater. 24, 1610 (2012).
- L. W. Martin, R. Ramesh, Multiferroic and magnetoelectric heterostructures [invited review], Acta Mater. 60, 2449 (2012).
- A. R. Damodaran, E. Breckenfeld, A. K. Choquette, L. W. Martin, Stabilization of mixed-phase structure in highly-strained BiFeO3 thin films via chemical-alloying, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 082904 (2012).
- Q. He, C.-H. Yeh, J.-C. Yang, G. Singh-Bhalla, C.-W. Liang, P.-W. Chiu, G. Catalan, L. W. Martin, Y.-H. Chu, J. F. Scott, R. Ramesh, Magnetotransport at domain walls in BiFeO3, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 067203 (2012).
- E. Breckenfeld, R. Wilson, J. Karthik, A. R. Damodaran, D. G. Cahill, L. W. Martin, Effect of growth induced (non)stoichiometry on the structure, dielectric response, and thermal conductivity of SrTiO3 thin films, Chem. Mater. 24, 331 (2012).
- A. R. Damodaran, S. Lee, J. Karthik, S. MacLaren, L. W. Martin, Temperature and thickness evolution and epitaxial breakdown in in highly strained BiFeO3 thin films, Phys. Rev. B 85, 024113 (2012).
Since Jan. 1, 2012
- L. W. Martin, Towards Strain 2.0 – Coupling Epitaxy and Defect Structures to Enable Colossal Strain, Materials Research Society Spring Meeting (Apr. 2014, San Francisco, CA).
- L. W. Martin, Effect of Growth Induced (Non)Stoichiometry on Interfacial Conductance in LaAlO3/SrTiO3, American Physical Society March Meeting 2014 (March 2014, Denver, CO).
- L. W. Martin, Light-Absorption, Photovoltaic Effects, and Photocatalytic Activity in “Metallic” Oxide Heterostructures, International Conference on Hydrogen Production 2014 (Feb. 2014, Fukuoka, Japan).
- L. W. Martin, Towards Artificial Photosynthesis: The Role of Complex Oxide Materials Science in the Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Kyushu University, Hydrogen Production Division Seminar (Jan. 2014, Fukuoka, Japan).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Functional Complex Oxide Thin Films, Department of Physics Colloquium, Indiana University (Jan. 2014, Bloomington, IN).
- L. W. Martin, Next Generation Energy Materials: Challenges in Controlling Complex Oxides for Advanced Applications, International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC’ 2013 (Dec. 2013, Las Vegas).
- L. W. Martin, Epitaxial Strain in Functional Oxide Thin Films Version 2.0: Engineering Strain Gradients, Materials Research Society Fall Meeting (Dec. 2013, Boston, MA).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Functional Complex Oxide Thin Films, School of Applied and Engineering Sciences Colloquium, Harvard University (Oct. 2013, Cambridge, MA).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Functional Complex Oxide Thin Films, Department of Physics, University of Nebraska, Lincoln (Oct. 2013, Lincoln, NE)
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Functional Complex Oxide Thin Films, Department of Materials Science and Engineering Seminar, Drexel University (Aug. 2013, Philadelphia, PA).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Functional Complex Oxide Thin Films, Department of Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (Aug. 2013).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Magneto-Electro-Thermal Responses of Materials, International Conference & Exhibition on Advanced & Nano Materials (ICANM 2013), NSF Professional Development Workshop (Aug. 2013, Quebec, Canada).
- L. W. Martin, Flexoelectric Effects in Compositionally Graded Ferroelectric Thin Films – Towards Strain 2.0, IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics Meeting (July 2013, Prague, Czech Republic).
- L. W. Martin, Surfaces and Interfaces in Complex Oxide Electronics, Physical Electronics Conference 2013 (June 2013, Raleigh, NC).
- L. W. Martin, Probing and Controlling Thermal-Electrical Responses in Exotic Ferroelectric Thin Films, Department of Physics Colloquium, West Virginia University (April 2013, Morgantown, WV).
- L. W. Martin, Fundamentals of Complex Oxide Thin-Film Growth and Characterization, Invited Tutorial, American Physical Society March Meeting 2013 (March 2013, Baltimore, MD).
- L. W. Martin, Domain Structures and Switching in Ferroelectric Thin Films, 12th International Workshop on Piezoresponse Force Microscopy and Nanoscale Electromechanics: Theory, Techniques, and Applications, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (March 2013, Oak Ridge, TN).
- L. W. Martin, “Mining” Existing Materials for Useful Functionalities – A Material Maker’s Perspective, National Science Foundation, Materials By Design II Workshop (Feb. 2013, Arlington, VA).
- L. W. Martin, The Science and Engineering of Thermal-Electrical Responses of Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium, University of California, Berkeley (Feb. 2013, Berkeley, CA).
- L. W. Martin, Enhanced Photocatalysis from Anomalous Light Absorption in the Correlated Oxide Metal SrRuO3, Materials Research Society Fall Meeting (Dec. 2012, Boston, MA).
- L. W. Martin, Unraveling Chemical Complexity at Complex Oxide Heterointerfaces – A Case Study of LaAlO3/SrTiO3, 8th Annual Minnesota Nanotechnology Workshop (Nov. 2012, Minneapolis, MN).
- L. W. Martin, Understanding the Evolution of Complex Phase Structures in Highly-Strained BiFeO3 Thin Films, Royal Society of London, Kavli Center Meeting on Magnetoelectrics (Sept. 2012, Milton Keynes, England).
- L. W. Martin, Next Generation Energy Materials: Challenges in Controlling Complex Oxides for Advanced Applications, AVS Prairie Chapter, Materials for Energy Meeting (Sept. 2012, Urbana, IL) [Plenary].
- L. W. Martin, Engineering New Phenomena and Functionality in Complex Oxide Thin Film Heterostructures, SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering, Nanoepitaxy: Materials and Devices (Aug. 2012, San Diego, CA).
- L. W. Martin, Unraveling the Complex Phase Evolution in Highly-Strained BiFeO3 Thin Films: Thickness, Temperature, and Chemical-Alloying Evolution, Villa Conference on Complex Oxide Heterostructures (April 2012, Orlando, FL).
- L. W. Martin and William P. King, Nano-scale Pyro-Electro-Mechanical Electron Source, Extensible X-Ray Systems and Algorithms for Computed Tomography (EXACT), DARPA/MTO Workshop (April 2012, San Deigo, CA).
- L. W. Martin, Enhanced Thermal-Electrical Responses in Ferroelectric Thin Films, Département de Physique de la Matière Condensée Colloquium, Université de Genève (March 2012, Geneva, Switzerland).
- L. W. Martin, Engineering Thermal-Electrical Responses in Complex Oxides: Enhanced Dielectric and Pyroelectric Response in Epitaxially Strained Ferroelectric Thin Films, Department of Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium, University of Michigan (Jan. 2012, Ann Arbor, MI).
- Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, President of the United States of America (Dec. 2013)
- Dean’s Award for Excellence in Research, College of Engineering, University of Illinois (Feb. 2013)
- National Science Foundation CAREER Award (Aug. 2012)
- Army Research Office Young Investigator Program (YIP) Award Winner (Oct. 2010)
- Intel Robert Noyce Fellow in Microelectronics (2007–2008)
- National Science Foundation IGERT Fellow in Nanoscience and Engineering (2004–2007)
- Sapphire Award Winner, Graduate Excellence in Materials Science (GEMS), Materials Science and Technology Meeting (2006)
- Berkeley Summer Institute for Preparing Future Faculty - Institute Fellow (Summer 2008)
- Gold Medal Award Winner, Materials Research Society Graduate Student Award (2006)
- William T. Lankford Jr. Memorial Scholarship (May 2004, Carnegie Mellon University)