Ian McLean Robertson

Ian McLean Robertson
Ian McLean Robertson

Ian McLean Robertson

Professor Emeritus
Materials Science and Engineering
203 Materials Science & Eng Bld
1304 W. Green
Urbana Illinois 61801
(217) 333-1440

For more information

Academic and Scientific Experience

Selected Articles in Journals

  • K. Hattar, A. Misra, M.R.F. Dosanjh, P. Dickerson, I.M. Robertson and R.G. Hoagland, "Direct Observation of Crack Propagation in Copper-Niobium Multilayers," Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology-Transactions of the ASME, 134(2), 021014, 10.1115/1.4005953 (2012).
  • H.A. Padilla, J. Lambros, A.J. Beaudoin and I.M. Robertson, "Relating inhomogeneous deformation to local texture in zirconium through grain-scale digital image correlation strain mapping experiments," International Journal of Solids and Structures, 49(1), 18-31 (2012).
  • M.L. Martin; I.M. Robertson; P. Sofronis "Interpreting hydrogen-induced fracture surfaces in terms of deformation processes: a new approach," Acta Materialia, 59(9), 3680-3687 2011.
  • I.M. Robertson; M.L. Martin; J.A. Fenske, Influence of hydrogen on the behavior of dislocations. in Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies: Volume 2: Mechanisms, modelling and future developments, Eds. Richard P. Gangloff , Brian P. Somerday, (Woodhead Publishing in Materials), (2012).
  • I.M. Robertson; C.A. Schuh; J.S. Vetrano; N.D. Browning; D.P. Field; D.J. Jensen; M.K. Miller; I. Baker; D.C. Dunand; R. Dunin-Borkowski; B. Kabius; T. Kelly; S. Lozano-Perez; A. Misra; G.S. Rohrer; A.D. Rollett; M. Taheri; G.B. Thompson; M. Uchic; X.-L. Wang; G. Was. "Characterization of Structure and Damage in Materials in Four Dimensions," Journal of Materials Research, 26(11), 1341-1383 (2011).
  • I.M. Robertson, C.A. Schuh, J.S. Vetrano, N.D. Browning, D.P. Field, D.J. Jensen, M.K. Miller, I. Baker, D.C. Dunand, R. Dunin-Borkowski, B. Kabius, T. Kelly, S.Lozano-Perez, A. Misra, G.S. Rohrer, A.D. Rollett, M.L. Taheri, G.B. Thompson, M. Uchic, X.L. Wang and G. Was, "Towards an integrated materials characterization toolbox," Journal of Materials Research, 26(11), 1341-1383 2011.
  • H. Wei, Z.D. Wang, J.O. Zhang, S. House, Y.G. Gao, L.M. Yang, H. Robinson, L.H. Tan, H. Xing, C.J. Hou, I.M. Robertson, J.M. Zuo and Y. Lu, "Time-dependent, protein-directed growth of gold nanoparticles within a single crystal of lysozyme," Nature Nanotechnology, 6(2), 92-96 2011.
  • J.P. Kacher, I.M. Robertson, M. Nowell, J. Knapp and K. Hattar, "Study of rapid grain boundary migration in a nanocrystalline Ni thin film," Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, 528(3), 1628-1635 2011.
  • J.P. Kacher, G.S. Liu and I.M. Robertson, "Visualization of grain boundary/dislocation interactions using tomographic reconstructions," Scripta Materialia, 64(7), 677-680 2011.
  • G.S. Liu; I.M. Robertson "Three-dimensional visualization of dislocation-precipitate interactions in a Al-4Mg-0.3Sc alloy using weak-beam dark-field electron tomography," Journal of Materials Research, 26(4) 514-522 2011.
  • M.L. Martin, J.A. Fenske, G.S. Liu, P. Sofronis and I.M. Robertson, "On the formation and nature of quasi-cleavage fracture surfaces in hydrogen embrittled steels," Acta Materialia, 59(4), 1601-1606 2011.
  • M.D. Sangid, T. Ezaz, Sehitoglu H and I.M. Robertson, "Energy of slip transmission and nucleation at grain boundaries," Acta Materialia, 59(1), 283-296 2011.
  • M. Tanaka; S. Sadamatsu; H. Nakamura; K. Higashida; G. Liu; I.M. Robertson "Sequential multiplication of dislocation sources along a crack front revealed by HVEM-tomography," Journal of Materials Research, 26(4), 508-513 2011.
  • M. Briceno, J. Fenske, M. Dadfarnia, P. Sofronis and I.M. Robertson, "Effect of ion irradiation-produced defects on the mobility of dislocations in 304 stainless steel," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 409(1), 18-26 2011.
  • G.S. Liu, I.M. Robertson "Combining Time-Resolved Deformation Experiments with Electron Tomography to Understand Dislocation-Particle Interactions," 2010 Microscopy and Microanalysis Meeting 2010.
  • M. Tanaka M, G.S. Liu, T. Kishida, K. Higashida and I.M. Robertson, "Transition from a punched-out dislocation to a slip dislocation revealed by electron tomography," Journal of Materials Research, 25(12), 2292-2296 2010.
  • D. Graham, J. Graetz, J. Reilly, I. M. Robertson, "Location of Ti Catalyst in the Reversible AlH3 Adduct of Triethylenediamine," J of Phys. Chem C, 114(35), 15207-15211 2010.
  • K. Hattar, B.G. Clark, J.A. Knapp, D.M. Follstaedt, I.M. Robertson In 2010 MRS Spring Meeting, April 5, 2010 - April 9, 2010; Materials Research Society: San Francisco, CA, United states, Vol. 1262, p 3-8 2010.
  • P. Jing, H.-J. Lee, J.-H. Shim, I.M. Robertson, B. Wirth In TMS 2010 - 139th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, February 14, 2010 - February 18, 2010; Minerals, Metals and Materials Society: Seattle, WA, United States, Vol. 3, 849-857, 2010.
  • C. Lei, M. Duch, I.M. Robertson and A. Rockett, "Effects of solution-grown CdS on Cu(InGa)Se-2 grain boundaries," Journal of Applied Physics, 108(11), 114908 2010.
  • H. Padilla, J. Lambros, A. Beaudoin, I. Robertson "Spatiotemporal Thermal Inhomogeneities During Compression of Highly Textured Zirconium," 1-13.2010,
  • S.P. Deshmukh, R.S. Mishra, I.M. Robertson, "Investigation of Creep Threshold Stresses Using In-Situ TEM Straining Experiment in an Al 5Y2O3-10SiC Composite," Materials Science and Engineering A, 527(9), 2390-2397 2010.
  • M. Dadfarnia, P. Novak, D. C. Ahn, J. B. Liu, P. Sofronis, D. D. Johnson, I. M. Robertson. "Recent Advances in the Study of Structural Materials Compatibility with Hydrogen," Advanced Materials, 22 1128–1135 2010.
  • L.N. Brewer, D.M. Follstaedt, K.M. Hattar, J.A. Knapp, M.A. Rodriguez, and I.M. Robertson , "Competitive Abnormal Grain Growth between Allotropic Phases in Nanocrystalline Nickel," Adv. Mater. 22, 1161–1164 2010.
  • I.M. Robertson, J. Fenske, M. Martin, M. Briceno, M. Dadfarnia, P. Novak, D. C. Ahn, P. Sofronis, J. B. Liu and D. D. Johnson, "Understanding How Hydrogen Influences the Mechanical Properties of Iron and Steel." Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Steel Science (ISSS 2009). Kyoto, Japan: The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, 2009.
  • Ronald J. T. Houk, Benjamin W. Jacobs, Farid El Gabaly, Noel N. Chang, A. Alec Talin, Dennis D. Graham, Stephen D. House, Ian M. Robertson, and Mark D. Allendorf, "Silver Cluster Formation, Dynamics, and Chemistry in Metal-Organic Frameworks. Nanoletters," Nano Lett., 9 (10), pp 3413–3418 DOI: 10.1021/nl901397k, 2009.
  • P. Sofronis, M. Dadfarnia, P. Novak, R. Yuan, B. Somerday, I. M. Robertson, R. O. Ritchie, T. Kanezaki, Y. Murakami, "A Combined Applied Mechanics/Materials Science Approach Toward Quantifying the Role of Hydrogen on Material Degradation," in: ICF12, 2009.
  • I. M. Robertson, D. Lillig, P. J. Ferreira, "Revealing the fundamental processes controlling hydrogen embrittlement," in: B. Somerday, P. Sofronis (Eds.), Hydrogen in Metals, 2009.
  • I. M. Robertson, H. K. Birnbaum, P. Sofronis, "Hydrogen Effects On Plasticity," in: J. P. Hirth, L. Kubin (Eds.), Dislocations in Solids, 19, Elsevier, New York, 2009.
  • B.G. Clark, P. Ferreira and I.M. Robertson, "In Situ Electron Microscopy Methods," Microscopy Research and Technique, 72(3), 121-121, 2009.
  • Y. Matsukawa, M. Briceno, I. M. Robertson, "Combining in situ transmission electron microscopy and molecular dynamics computer simulations to reveal the interaction mechanisms of dislocations with stacking-fault tetrahedron in nuclear materials," Microscopy Research and Technique, 72 284-292, 2009.
  • D. D. Graham, L.-L. Wang, D. D. Johnson, I. M. Robertson, "On the reversibility of hydrogen-storage reactions in Ca(BH4)2:microstructural and chemical characterization via experiment and density functional theory," J of Phys. Chem C 113 (46), pp 20088-20096, DOI: 10.1021/jp906660v, 2009.
  • M. Dadfarnia, B. P. Somerday, P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. Stalheim, "Interaction of hydrogen transport and material elastoplasticity in pipeline steels," Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology 131(4) 041404 (041413 pp.) 2009.
  • M. Dadfarnia, P. Sofronis, B. P. Somerday, I. M. Robertson, "Effect of remote hydrogen boundary conditions on the near crack-tip hydrogen concentration profiles in a cracked pipeline: Fracture toughness assessment," in: vol 202, American Ceramic Society, Cocoa Beach, FL, United states, pp. 187-199 2009.
  • I. M. Robertson, P. Ferriera, G. Dehm, R. Hull, E. Stach, "Visualizing the behavior of dislocations – seeing is believing," Materials Bulletin 2008.
  • H. A. Padilla, C. D. Smith, J. Lambros, A. J. Beaudoin, I. M. Robertson, "Effects of deformation inhomogeneity on plastic dissipation in zirconium," in: vol 3, Society for Experimental Mechanics, Orlando, FL, United States, pp. 1608-1615 2008.
  • Changwook Kim, W. Gu, M. Briceno, I.M. Robertson, Hyungsoo Choi,Kyekyoon (Kevin) Kim, "Copper Nanowires with a Five-Twinned Structure Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition," Advanced Materials, 20(10), 1859-1863 2008.
  • K. Hattar, M.J. Demkowicz, A. Misra, I.M. Robertson, R.G. Hoagland, "Arrest of He bubble growth in Cu-Nb multilayer nanocomposites," Scripta Materialia; 58"541. 2008.
  • K. Hattar, D.M. Follstaedt, J.A. Knapp, I.M. Robertson, "Defect structures created during abnormal grain growth in pulsed-laser deposited nickel," Acta Mater. 56:794, 2008.
  • I.M. Robertson, P. Ferriera, G. Dehm, R. Hull, E. Stach, "Visualizing the behavior of dislocations – seeing is believing," Materials Bulletin; February 2008.
  • M. Dadfarnia, P. Sofronis, I.M. Robertson, B.P. Somerday, "Hydrogen/plasticity interactions at an axial crack in pipeline steel, ASTM, 2008.
  • I.M. Robertson, B.D. Wirth, M. Briceno, J. Fenske, "Dislocation-radiation obstacle interactions: Developing improved mechanical property constitutive models," Trans. Maer. Nucl. Soc., 96:835, 2007.
  • I.M. Robertson, D. Lillig, P.J. Ferreira, H. Xiao, "A brief review of the role of electron microscopy in revealing the atomistic processes of hydrogen embrittlement," International Forum on Hydrogen-Material Interaction, Kyushu University, 2007.
  • D.D. Graham, L.F. Culnane, M. Sulic, C.M. Jensen, I.M. Robertson, "Ti EELS standards for identification of catalytic species in NaAlH4 hydrogen storage materials," J. Alloys and Compds, 446-447:255; 2007.
  • H. A. Padilla II, C. D. Smith, J. Lambros, A. J. Beaudoin, I. M. Robertson, “Effects of Deformation Twinning on Energy Dissipation in High Rate Deformed Zirconium,” Metall Trans, A: 38 A:2916, 2007.
  • C.H.Lei, C. M. Li, A.A.Rockett, I. M. Robertson, “Grain Boundary Compositions in Cu(InGa)Se2” J. Appl. Phys., 101:024909; 2007.
  • C.H.Lei, A.A.Rockett, I. M. Robertson, N. Papathanasiou, and S. Siebentritt, “Interface reactions and kirkendall voids in MOVPE-grown epitaxial Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films on GaAs.” J. Appl. Phys., 100(11), 114915, 2007.
  • C.H.Lei, A.A.Rockett, I. M. Robertson, W.N.Shafarman, and M. Beck, “Void formation and surface energies in Cu(In,Ga)Se2” J. Appl. Phys. v. 100, 073518-5, 2006.
  • J. S. Robach, I. M. Robertson, H.-J. Lee and B. D. Wirth, “Dynamic observations and atomistic simulations of dislocation-defect interactions in rapidly quenched copper and gold,” Acta Materialia, v 54, p 1679-1690, 2006.
  • M. Zhang, E. A. Olson, R. D. Twesten, J. G. Wen, L. H. Allen, I. M. Robertson, I. Petrov, “In situ transmission electron microscopy studies enabled by microelectromechanical system technology,” J. of Materials Research, 20, 7, 1802-1807, 2005.
  • K. Hattar, J. Han, T. Saif and I. M. Robertson, “Deformation and failure processes in ultrafine grained Al,” J. of Materials Research, 20, 7, 1869-1877, 2005.
  • B G. Clark, I. M. Robertson, L. M. Dougherty, D. C. Ahn, P. Sofronis, “High temperature dislocation-precipitate interactions in Al Alloys: an In-situ TEM deformation study,” J. of Materials Research., 20, 7, 1792-1801, 2005.
  • I. M. Robertson, A. Beaudoin, K. Al-Fadhalah, Chun-Ming Li, J. Robach, B. D. Wirth, A. Arsenlis, D. Ahn, and P. Sofronis, “Dislocation-obstacle interactions: dynamic experiments to continuum modeling,” Materials Science and Engineering, , 400-401, 1-2 SUPPL., 245-250, 2005.
  • S.F. Harnish, H.A. Padilla, B. E. Gore, J. A. Dantzig, A. J. Beaudoin, I. M. Robertson, and H. Weiland, “High-temperature mechanical behavior of hot rolling of AA705,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 36 A, 2, February, 357-369, 2005.
  • Chun-Ming Li, I. M. Robertson, M. L. Jenkins, J. L. Hutchison and R. C. Doole, “In situ TEM observation of the nucleation and growth of silver oxide nanoparticles,” Micron, 36, 1, 9-15, 2005.
  • D. Legzdina, I. M. Robertson, H. K. Birnbaum, “Oxidation behavior of single-phase γ-TiAl alloy in low pressure oxygen and hydrogen,” Acta Materialia, 53, 610- 608, 2005.
  • K. AL-Fadhalah, C. N. Tomé, A. J. Beaudoin, I.M. Robertson, J. P. Hirth, and A. Misra., “Modeling texture evolution during rolling of Cu-Nb multilayered system,” Phil. Mag., in press, 2004
  • A-M. Alvarez, I. M. Robertson, H. K. Birnbaum, “Hydrogen embrittlement of a metastable betaTitanium alloy,” Acta Materialia, 52, 14, 4161-4175, 2004.
  • L. Dougherty, I. M. Robertson and J. S. Vetrano, “Direct observation of the behavior of grain boundaries during continuous dynamic recrystallization in an Al-4Mg- 0.3Sc Alloy,” Acta Materialia 51, 4367-78, 2003.
  • J. S. Robach, I. M. Robertson, B. D. Wirth, and A. Arsenlis, “In-situ transmission electron microscopy observations and molecular dynamics simulations of dislocation-defect interactions in ion-irradiated copper,” Phil. Mag. 83, 955-967, 2003.
  • I. Jenčič, E. P. Hollar and I.M. Robertson, “Crystallization of isolated amorphous zones in semiconductors,” Phil Mag. 83, 2557-2571, 2003.
  • H. Xiao, I. M. Robertson, and H. K. Birnbaum, “Deuterium driven phase transitions in the Ti3Al intermetallic,” Acta Materialia, 50, 3671–3682, 2002.
  • P. Sofronis and I. M. Robertson, “TEM observations and micromechanical/continuum models for the effect of hydrogen on the mechanical behavior of metals,” Phil. Mag. 82, 3405-3413, 2002.
  • I. Jenčič, J. Skvarc E. P. Hollar and I. M. Robertson, “Computer image analysis of shrinkage of isolated amorphous zones in semiconductors induced by electron beam,” Nuclear Instruments & Methods B 186, 126-31, 2002.
  • D. F. Teter, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “The effects of hydrogen on the deformation and fracture of -titanium,” Acta Materialia 49, 4313-4323, 2001.
  • I. Jenčič E.P Hollar and I. M. Robertson, “Electron-induced regrowth of isolated amorphous zones in GaAs,” Nuclear Instruments & Methods B, 175-177, 197-201, 2001
  • B. W. Lagow, I. M. Robertson, M. Jouiad, D. H. Lassila, T. C. Lee, and H. K. Birnbaum “Observation of dislocation dynamics in the electron microscope,” Materials Science & Engineering A, A309-A310, .445-50, 2001.
  • I. M. Robertson, “The effect of hydrogen on dislocation dynamics, engineering fracture mechanics,” (invited), Engin. Fract. Mech., 68(6), 671-92, 2001.
  • B. W. Lagow, I. M. Robertson, L. E. Rehn, P. M. Baldo, and J. J. Coleman, “Microstructural variation with composition in ion-implanted AlxGa1 xAs”, J. Materials Research, 15, 2043-53, 2000.
  • M.W. Bench, I. M. Robertson, M.A. Kirk and I. Jenčič, "Production of amorphous zones in GaAs by the direct impact of energetic heavy ions," J. of Applied Physics, 87, 49-56, 2000.
  • Daewon Kwon, Chih-Chianh Chen, J. David Cohen, Hyun-Chul Jin, Eric Hollar, Ian Robertson and John R. Abelson, “Electronic transitions associated with small crystalline silicon inclusions within an amorphous silicon host,” Physics Review B, 60, 4442, 1999.
  • I. Jenčič, I.M. Robertson and J. Skvarc, “Electron beam induced regrowth of ion implantation damage in Si and Ge,” Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials & Atoms, 148, 345-9, 1999.
  • P.J. Ferreira, I.M. Robertson, and H.K. Birnbaum, “Hydrogen effect on the character of dislocations in high-purity aluminum,” Acta Materialia, 47, pp. 2991-8, 1999.
  • M. Menezes, I.M. Robertson, H.K. Birnbaum, “Measurement and improvement of the adhesion of copper to polyimide,” Journal Materials Research, 14 4025, 1999.
  • I. M. Robertson and D. Teter, “Controlled environment transmission electron microscopy,” Journal Microscopy Research and Technique, 42, 260, 1998.
  • B.W. Lagow, B.A. Turkot, I. M. Robertson, J.J Coleman, S. D. Roh, D. V. Forbes, L. E. Rehn and P. M. Baldo, “Ion implantation in AlxGa1-xAs: damage structures and amorphization mechanisms,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 4, pp.606-18, 1998.
  • B. A. Turkot, I. M. Robertson, L. E. Rehn, P. M. Baldo D. V. Forbes, and J. J. Coleman, “On the amorphization process in Al0.6Ga 0.4/As/GaAs heterostructures,” J. Applied Physics 83, 2539, 1998
  • P. J. Ferreira, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Hydrogen effects on the interaction between dislocations,” Acta Mater. 46, 1749-57, 1998.
  • B. A. Turkot, I. M. Robertson, L. E. Rehn, P. M. Baldo D. V. Forbes, and J. J. Coleman, “On the amorphization process in Al0.6Ga 0.4/As/GaAs heterostructures,” J. Applied Physics 83, 2539, 1998
  • B. A. Turkot, I. M. Robertson, , L. E. Rehn, P. M. Baldo D. V. Forbes, and J. J. Coleman, “On the amorphization process in Al0.6Ga 0.4/As/GaAs heterostructures,” J. Applied Physics 83, 2539, 1998
  • S. Rao Peddada, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Growth of Ti thin films on sapphire substrates,” J. Mater. Res. 12, pp. 1856-65, 1997
  • I. Jencic and I. M. Robertson, “Low-energy electron beam induced regrowth of isolated amorphous zones in Si and Ge,” J. Mater. Res. 11, pp. 2152-7, 1996.
  • B. A. Turkot, B. W. Lagow, I. M. Robertson, D. V. Forbes, J. J. Coleman, L. E. Rehn and P. M. Baldo, “Depth dependence of ion implantation damage in AlxGa 1- x/As/GaAs heterostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. (USA) vol 80, no 8, pp. 4366-71,1996.
  • H. J. Christ, A. M. Alvarez, H. K. Birnbaum and I. M. Robertson, “The influence of hydrogen on the fatigue behavior of the beta-titanium alloy Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 19, pp. 1421-34, 1996.
  • I. M. Robertson and I. Jencic, “Regrowth of amorphous regions in semiconductors by sub-threshold electron beams,” J. Nucl. Mater. 239, pp. 273-8, 1996.
  • D. Teter, P. Ferreira, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “An environmental cell TEM for studies of gas-solid interactions,” Eds. R. H. Jones and D. R. Baer, New Techniques for Characterizing Corrosion and Stress Corrosion. Proceedings pp. 53-71, 1996.
  • I. M. Robertson I M and D. Teter, “Microscopic studies on hydrogen effects on mechanical properties,” JOM (USA) 48, pp. 55-60, 1996.
  • D K Tappin, I M Robertson and H K Birnbaum, “On the formation of a periodic surface structure on Zr3Al during anodic dissolution,” Acta Mater. 44, 735-46 (1996).
  • D. K. Tappin, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Enhancement of the electron irradiation induced amorphization of Zr2Ni and Zr3Al by hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 51, 14854-60, (1995).
  • B.A. Turkot, D. V. Forbes, I. M. Robertson , J.J. Coleman , L.E. Rehn, M.A. Kirk and P.M. Baldo, “Ion implantation damage in Al 0.6 Ga.0.4As/GaAs heterostructures,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 97-103, (1995).
  • I. Jencic I, M.W. Bench , I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “Electron-beam-induced crystallization of isolated amorphous regions in Si, Ge, GaP, and GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 974-82, (1995).
  • D. K. Tappin, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “The role of electron-phonon coupling on loop formation in elemental metals,” Phil. Mag A , 70, 463 (1994).
  • T. M. Cockerill, et al., “Wavelength tuning in strained layer InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs quantum well lasers by selective area MOCVD,” J. Electronic Materials 23, 115 - 119 (1994).
  • Y.-W. Kim, D.H. Mei, D. Lubben, I. Robertson and J.E. Greene, “Epitaxial (GaAs)1-x(Si)x metastable alloys on GaAs(001) and (GaAs)1-x(Si)x/GaAs strained layer superlattices: crystal growth, spinodal decomposition and antiphase domains,” J. App. Phys. (1994).
  • D. K. Tappin, I. M. Robertson, M. A. Kirk, “The role of electron-phonon coupling in the formation of clustered vacancy defects in elemental metals from heavy-ion irradiation,” Phil. Mag A 70, 463 - 479 (1994).
  • S. Rao Peddada, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Effects of thermal cycling in a reducing atmosphere on metal/ polyimide interfaces,” J. Materials Research, 9, 504,1994.
  • H.E. Hanninen, T.C. Lee, I.M. Robertson and H.K. Birnbaum, "In Sstu observations on effects of hydrogen on deformation and fracture of A533b pressure vessel steel," Journal-of-Materials-Engineering-and-Performance 2,807-817, (1993)
  • I. Jencic, J. Peternelj and I. M. Robertson, "A computer simulation of local amorphization in III-V compounds," J. Phys. : Condens. Matter, 5, 1, 1993.
  • T. X. Bui, I. M. Robertson, J. L. Klatt, R. S. Averback and M. A. Kirk, “Radiation induced segregation behavior in random and ordered face-centered cubic materials,” J. Nuclear Materials 205, 312, 1993.
  • J. S. Vetrano, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “Influence of dilute impurities on the evolution of defect cascades in nickel,” Phil. Mag. A, 68, 381, 1993.
  • D. K. Tappin, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “The role of melting temperature and electron phonon coupling on the formation of clustered vacancy defects from heavy ion generated displacement cascades,” Phil. Mag, 68, 843, 1993
  • J. S. Vetrano, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “Influence of dilute impurities on the evolution of defect cascades in nickel,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, 205, 68,1993
  • K. Smalinskas, Gengsheng Chen, J. Haworth, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “A study of the vacancy loop formation probability in Ni-Cu and Ag-Pd alloys,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, 205, 483, 1993.
  • J. S. Vetrano, I. M. Robertson, R. S. Averback and M. A. Kirk, “Cascade collapse in copper and nickel effects of internal hydrogen on the vacancy loop formation probability in Aluminum,” ASTM Tech Publ. 1125, 375 1993.
  • Tho X. Bui, E. Sirois, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, "Effects of Internal hydrogen on the vacancy loop formation probability in aluminum," ASTM Tech Publ. 1125, 463, 1993
  • J. Kim, J. J. Alwan, D. V. Forbes, J. J. Coleman, I. M. Robertson, C. M. Wayman, F. H. Baumann, M. Bode,Y. Kim and A. Ourmazd, "Chemical characterization of InGaAs/(Al,Ga)As strained interfaces grown by MOCVD," Appl. Phys Lett 61, 28 1992
  • D. K. Tappin, I. M. Robertson, M. A. Kirk and K. Smalinskas, “The role of melting temperature and electron phonon coupling on the formation of clustered vacancy Defects From Heavy Ion Generated Displacement Cascades in Cu-Ni alloys,” Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, 28, 879, 1993
  • S. R. Peddada, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Hydride formation in vapor deposited Ti Thin Films,” J. Materials Research 8, 291, 1992.
  • D. Legzdina, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Redistribution of Ti and Al in deuterium charged TiAl,” Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, 26, 1992.
  • M. W. Bench, D. K. Tappin and I. M. Robertson, “On the suitability of the down-zone imaging technique to the study of radiation damage,” Phil Mag Letters, 66, 39, 1992.
  • J. Giapintzakis, W. C. Lee, J. P. Rice , D. M. Ginsberg, I. M. Robertson, R. Wheeler, M. A. Kirk and M. -O. Ruault, “Production and identification of flux pinning defects by electron irradiation in Y Ba2Cu3O7-x,” Phys. Rev. B., 45, 10677, 1992
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Interaction of Grain Boundaries with Dislocations in Ni3Al," Acta Metallurgica et Materialia 40, 2569, 1992
  • Raja Subramanian, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Nickel Segregation to Grain Boundaries in Ni3Al Alloys," Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, 25, 763 1991.
  • D. K. Dewald, T. C. Lee, J. A. Eades, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "An Environmental Cell transmission Electron microscope," Review of Scientific Instruments, 62, 1438, 1991.
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Application of the in situ TEM deformation technique to observe how clean and doped grain boundaries respond to local stress concentrations," J. Ultramicroscopy, 40, 330, 1992.
  • D. Legzdina, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Hydride structures in Ti-Aluminides subjected to high temperature and hydrogen pressure charging conditions," J. Materials Research, 6, 1230, 1991.
  • M. W. Bench, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, "TEM Investigation of the Damage Produced in Individual Displacement Cascades in GaAs and GaP," Nucl. Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, B59/60, 372, 1991
  • I. Jencic, M. W. Bench, I. M. Robertson, M. A. Kirk and J. Peternelj, "A comparison of the rates of Amorphization in the AlxGa1-xAs/GaAs system," Nucl. Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, B59/60, 458, 1991.
  • Shiing-Hwa Doong, Darrell F. Socie and Ian M. Robertson, "Dislocation Substructures and Non-Proportional Hardening," J. of Eng. Mat. and Technology., 112, 456, 1991
  • T. C. Lee, Raja Subramanian, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Dislocation grain boundary interactions in Ni3Al; Effects of Structure and Chemistry," Scripta Metall. et Material Viewpoint Set. 25, 1265, 1991.
  • I. M. Robertson, J. S. Vetrano, M. A. Kirk and M. L. Jenkins, "On the formation of vacancy type dislocation loops from displacement cascades in nickel," Phil Mag A 63, 299, 1991.
  • I Jencic, M. W. Bench, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, "A comparison of the amorphization induced in AlxGa1-xAs and GaAs by heavy- ion irradiation," J. Appl Phys., 69, 1287, (1991).
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “TEM in situ deformation study of the interaction of lattice dislocations with grain boundaries in Metals,” Phil Mag., 62A, 131, 1990.
  • D. W. Worthem, I. M. Robertson, F. A. Leckie, D. F. Socie and C. J. Altstetter, “Inhomogeneous Deformation in Inconel 718 During Monotonic and Cyclic Loadings,” Metall. Trans., 21A, 3215, 1990.
  • D. K. Dewald, T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson, and H. K. Birnbaum, “Dislocation Structures Ahead of Advancing Cracks,” Metall. Trans. 21A, 2411, 1990.
  • P. Rozenak, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “HVEM Studies of the Effects of Hydrogen on the Deformation and Fracture of AISI Type 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel,” Acta Metall. 38, 2031, 1990.
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “An in-situ TEM Deformation Study of the Slip Transfer Mechanisms in Metals,” Metall. Trans., 21A, 2437, 1990.
  • J. S. Vetrano, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “Experimental evidence Favoring Local Melting Within Heavy-ion Generated Displacement cascades in Copper,” Scripta Metall. et Mat. 24, 257, 1990.
  • D. H. Mei, Y. -W Kim, D. Lubben, I. M. Robertson and J. E. Greene, “Growth of Single crystal (GaAs)1-x(Si)x Alloys on GaAs and (GaAs)1-x(Si)x/GaAs Strained Layer Superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2649, 1989.
  • J. S. Vetrano, M. W. Bench, I. M. Robertson and M. A. Kirk, “In-situ studies of Ion Irradiation Effects in an Electron Microscope,” Metall. Trans., 20A, 2673, 1989.
  • D. K. Dewald, T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Dislocation Structures Ahead of Advancing Cracks,” Scripta Metall., 23, 1307, 1989.
  • S. H. Doong, T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Dynamic Studies of the Crack initiation and Growth Mechanisms in Al/SiC Composites,” Scripta Metall., 23, 1413, 1989.
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Prediction of Slip Transfer Mechanisms across Grain Boundaries,” Scripta Metall., 23, 799, 1989
  • I. M. Robertson, T. C. Lee, P. Rozenak, G. M. Bond and H. K. Birnbaum, “Dynamic Observations of the Transfer of Slip across a Grain Boundary,” J. of Ultramicroscopy, 30, 70, 1989.
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Anomalous Slip in an FCC System,” J. of Ultramicroscopy, 29, 212, 1989
  • T. C. Lee, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “An HVEM in-situ Deformation Study of Nickel Doped with Sulfur.,” Acta Metall., 37, 407, 1989.
  • G. M. Bond, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “On the Mechanism of Hydrogen Embrittlement of Ni3Al Alloys,” Acta Metall., 37,1407, 1989
  • G. M. Bond, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Effects of Hydrogen on Deformation and Fracture Processes in High-Purity Aluminum,” Acta Met., 36, 2193, 1988.
  • G. M. Bond, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “The Influence of Hydrogen on Deformation and Fracture Processes in High- Strength Aluminum Alloys,” Acta Metall. 35, 2289-2296,1987.
  • L. T. Romano, I. M. Robertson, J. E. Greene and J-E. Sundgren, “Domain Structure in Epitaxial Metastable Zincblende (GaAs)1-x(Ge)x Alloys Grown by Sputter Deposition,” Phys Rev. B, 36, 1987, 7523.
  • I. M. Robertson, C. A. English and M. L. Jenkins, “Dissolution of Nitride Precipitates in Iron by Low Dose Neutron Irradiation,” J. Nuclear Materials, 2, 53, 1987.
  • D. S. Shih, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Hydrogen Embrittlement in alpha-Ti,” Acta Metall., 36,111-124, 1987
  • G. M. Bond, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Effect of Boron on the Mechanism of Strain Transfer Across Grain Boundaries in Ni3Al,” J. Mat Research, 2, 436, 1987.
  • G. M. Bond, I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, "Sub-Threshold" Electron Irradiation Damage in Hydrogen Charged Aluminum,” Phil. Mag. A55, 669-681,1987.
  • M. A. Kirk, I. M. Robertson, M. L. Jenkins. C. A. English. T. J. Black and J. S. Vetrano, “The Collapse of Defect Cascades to Dislocation Loops,” J. Nuclear Materials, 149, 21-28,1987.
  • I. M. Robertson, “Microtwin Formation in Deformed Nickel,” Phil. Mag., 54A, 821 -835,1986.
  • I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “In-situ Deformation and Fracture Studies of Nickel in the HVEM,” Acta Metall., 34 353-366,1986.
  • I. M. Robertson, M. A. Kirk and Wayne E. King, “Formation of Dislocation Loops in Iron By Self-ion Irradiations at 40K,” Scripta Metall., 19,317-320, 1984.
  • I. M. Robertson, T. Tabata, W. Wei, F. Heubaum and H. K. Birnbaum, “Hydrogen Embrittlement and Grain Boundary Fracture,” Scripta Metall., 18, 841-846, 1984.
  • I. M. Robertson and H. K. Birnbaum, “Effect of Hydrogen on the Dislocation Structure of Deformed Nickel,” Scripta Metall., 18, 269-274, 1984.
  • I. M. Robertson, M. L. Jenkins, C. A. English, "Low-dose neutron-irradiation damage in a-iron," Journal of Nuclear Materials 108 -109 209 - 221, (1982).
  • I. M. Robertson, "A TEM study of the radiation damage structure in alpha-iron," in: Dept. of Metallurgy and Science of Materials, D. Phil., University of Oxford, Oxford, England, 1982.
  • I. M. Robertson, "Radiation enhanced diffusion in a Ag-4 atomic percent Al alloy," in: Applied Physics Dept., B. Sc. Thesis, Strathclyde University, Glasgow, Scotland, 1977.